WOW! Atiku Abubakar Opens School For IDP Kids (PICTURES)
This is update about news that Atiku Abubakar Opens School. Former Vice president Atiku Abubakar on February 1st, 2016 spent time with children from his community at the launch of Technology Enhanced Learning for All (TELA) in Yola. TELA is an American University of Nigeria project, teaching basic literacy and numeracy to vulnerable children, sponsored by USAID, which will reportedly give about 20,000 refugee children valuable education.
Whereas ‘refugee‘ has an authoritative definition under the 1951 Refugee Convention, there is no legal definition internally displaced persons. However, a United Nations report, Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement uses the definition:
Internally displaced people are people or groups of people who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognized State border.
While the above stresses two important elements of internal displacement (coercion and the domestic/internal movement) it is important to note that rather than a strict definition, the Guiding Principles offer “a descriptive identification of the category of persons whose needs are the concern of the Guiding Principles”. In this way, the document “intentionally steers toward flexibility rather than legal precision” as the words “in particular” indicate that the list of reasons for displacement is not exhaustive. However, as Erin Mooney has pointed out, “global statistics on internal displacement generally count only IDPs uprooted by conflict and human rights violations. Moreover, a recent study has recommended that the IDP concept should be defined even more narrowly, to be limited to persons displaced by violence.” Thus, despite the non-exhaustive reasons of internal displacement, many consider IDPs as those who would be defined as refugees if they were to cross an international border hence the term refugees in all but name is often applied to IDPs.